Premier League Live

The Premier League (legal name: Football Association Premier League Limited), is the top tier of the men’s English football league system. Competed by 20 clubs, it operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the English Football League (EFL). The season usually runs from August to May with each team playing 38 matches (the other 19 teams play both home and away). Most games are played on Saturday and Sunday afternoons, with occasional weekday evenings.

The competition was founded as the FA Premier League on 20 February 1992 following the decision by Football League First Division clubs to split from the Football League, founded in 1888, and take advantage of a lucrative television rights sale to Sky. From 2019 to 2020, the league’s accumulated television rights deals were worth around £3.1 billion a year, with Sky and BT Group securing the domestic rights to broadcast 128 and 32 games respectively. The Premier League is a corporation with chief executive Richard Masters responsible for its management, while member clubs act as shareholders. In 2016–17 clubs were allocated £2.4 billion of central payment revenue, with a further £343 million in solidarity payments to English Football League (EFL) clubs.

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The Premier League is the most watched sports league in the world, broadcast to 643 million homes in 212 territories and a potential TV audience of 4.7 billion people. For the 2018–19 season, the Premier League’s average match attendance was 38,181, second only to the German Bundesliga’s 43,500, while the aggregate attendance across all matches was 14,508,981, the highest of any association football league. Most stadiums are close to capacity. The Premier League ranks first in UEFA coefficients based on performance in European competition over the past five seasons as of 2021. The English top-flight has produced the second highest number of UEFA Champions League/European Cup titles, with five English clubs winning a total of fourteen European trophies.

Fifty clubs have competed in the Premier League since its inception in 1992: forty-eight English and two Welsh clubs. Seven of them have won the title: Manchester United (13), Manchester City (6), Chelsea (5), Arsenal (3), Blackburn Rovers (1), Leicester City (1) and Liverpool (1).

Despite significant European success in the 1970s and early 1980s, the late 1980s marked a low point for English football. Stadiums fell into disrepair, supporters endured poor facilities, hooliganism was rife and English clubs were banned from European competition for five years after the Heysel Stadium disaster in 1985. The Football League First Division, the top tier of English football since 1888, was behind leagues such as Italy’s Serie A and Spain’s La Liga in attendance and revenue, and several top English players had moved abroad.[18]

By the 1990s, the downward trend began to reverse. At the 1990 FIFA World Cup, England reached the semi-finals; UEFA, European football’s governing body, lifted a five-year ban on English clubs playing in European competitions in 1990, leading to Manchester United lifting the UEFA Cup Winners’ Cup in 1991. The Taylor Report into stadium safety standards, which proposed costly upgrades to an all-seater stadium after the Hillsborough disaster, was published in January 1990.

In the 1980s, major English clubs began to transform into business enterprises, applying commercial principles to club administration to maximize revenue. Manchester United’s Martin Edwards, Tottenham Hotspur’s Irving Scholar and Arsenal’s David Dein were among the leaders of this transformation. The top clubs wanted to increase their power and revenues because of commercial obligations: clubs in Division One threatened to secede from the Football League and thus were able to increase their voting power and obtain more favorable financial arrangements, in 1986 50% of all television and sponsorship income. % part. They demanded that television companies should pay more for their coverage of football matches and increased the importance of income from television. The Football League received £6.3 million for a two-year deal in 1986, but by 1988, in a deal agreed with ITV, the price rose to £44 million over four years, with the leading clubs taking 75% of the cash. According to scholars involved in television contract negotiations, before 1986 each First Division club received around £25,000 per year from television rights, rising to around £50,000 in 1986 negotiations, then to £600,000 in 1988. The 1988 negotiations were conducted amid threats to form a ten-club “Super League”, but were eventually persuaded to stay, with the top clubs taking the lion’s share of the contracts. The negotiations also convinced the big clubs that in order to get enough votes, they would have to take the entire First Division with them instead of a small “Super League”. In the early 1990s, the big clubs considered divesting again, especially now that they needed to finance the stadium upgrades recommended by the Taylor Report.

In 1990, Greg Dyke of London Weekend Television (LWT) met at a dinner with representatives of England’s “big five” football clubs (Manchester United, Liverpool, Tottenham Hotspur, Everton and Arsenal). The meeting was to pave the way for a break from the Football League. Dyke believed it would be more profitable for LWT if only the country’s big clubs were featured on national television and wanted to establish whether the clubs were interested in a larger share of the television rights money. Five clubs agreed with the suggestion and decided to go ahead with it; However, the league would have no credibility without the backing of the Football Association, and so Arsenal’s David Dein held talks to see if the FA accepted the idea. The FA did not enjoy friendly relations with the Football League at the time and saw this as a way to weaken the Football League’s position. In June 1991 the FA published a report, Blueprint for the Future of Football, which supported the Premier League’s plans to have the FA as the ultimate authority that would oversee the breakaway league.

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