Nickelodeon (often abbreviated to Nick) is an American pay television channel that launched on April 1, 1979 as the first cable channel for children. It is managed by Paramount Global through its network division Kids & Family Group. Its programming is primarily aimed at children under 18, with a larger family audience through its program blocks.
The channel began life as an experimental broadcast on December 1, 1977 as part of QUBE, an early cable television system that broadcast locally in Columbus, Ohio. QUBE’s channel C-3 aired Pinwheel, an educational program created by Vivian Horner. Pinwheel performed well with QUBE subscribers, and Horner wanted to expand his program to a full channel on national television. The channel, now named Nickelodeon, launched to a new nationwide audience on April 1, 1979, with Pinwheel as the inaugural show. The network was initially commercial-free and remained ad-free until 1984. QUBE’s owner, Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, eventually sold Nickelodeon, along with its sister networks MTV and VH1, to Viacom in 1986.
Throughout its history, Nickelodeon has introduced sister channels and themed programming blocks. On January 4, 1988, Nickelodeon launched Nick Jr., a weekday-morning block aimed at preschool children. On August 11, 1991, it launched another flagship brand, Nicktoons: original animated productions created exclusively for the network. The Nicktoons brand launched its own sister channel, launched in 2002. In 1999, Nickelodeon partnered with Sesame Workshop to create Noggin, an educational brand consisting of a cable channel and an interactive website. Two blocks aimed at teen audiences, TEENick (formerly on Nickelodeon) and The N (formerly on Noggin), were merged into a standalone channel, TeenNick, in 2009. As of September 2018, the channel is available to approximately 87.167 million households in the United States.
The name of the channel comes from the first five-cent movie theater called Nickelodeon. Its history dates back to December 1, 1977, when Warner Cable Communications launched the first 2-way interactive cable system, QUBE, in Columbus, Ohio. The C-3 cable channel carries Pinwheel daily from 7:00 am to 9:00 pm. Eastern Time, and the channel was labeled “Pinwheel” on the remote controller, as it was the only program broadcast. Originally scheduled for a February 1979 launch, Nickelodeon launched on April 1, 1979, distributed to the Warner Cable System via satellite on the RCA Satcom-1 transponder (the satellite’s owner, RCA Americom, later became GE Americom as a result of General Electric. Luxembourg-based RCA Americom’s parent company, RCA Corporation, was acquired by SES Global, now SES S.A., before the society merged with European DES Satellite, one of the progenitors of the Satcom series, SES and the AMC satellite constellation, still in operation, currently broadcast on AMC-11) . Originally commercial-free, advertising was introduced in January 1984.
Programming seen on Nickelodeon includes animated series (such as SpongeBob SquarePants, The Loud House, The Casagrandes, Middlemost Post, The Patrick Star Show, Kamp Koral: SpongeBob’s Under Years, The Smurfs, and Rugrats), live-action, scripted series. (eg) including Danger Force, Tyler Perry’s Young Dylan, and Side Hustle), and made-for-TV movies, while the network’s daytime schedule focuses on preschoolers (such as Bubble Guppies, PAW Patrol, and Blue’s Clues and You!). Dedicated to targeting.
A bi-monthly special edition of Nick News with Linda Ellerbee was a rerun, a children’s news magazine series that debuted as a weekly series in 1992 and ended in 2015. In June 2020, Nickelodeon announced that they would be bringing back Nick News as an hour-long special. The first installment, Kids, Race & Unity: A Nick News Special, premiered on June 29, 2020 and was hosted by R&B musician Alicia Keys.