DD National (once in the past DD1) is a state-claimed public diversion TV slot in India. It is the lead station of Doordarshan, India’s public help telecaster, and the most generally accessible earthly TV slot in India.
1959 to 1982: Beginning
On 15 September 1959, at the studio of All India Radio, Delhi, the first TV station in Quite a while began a trial broadcast with a little transmitter and a stopgap studio, embracing the brand Doordarshan, Hindi for TV. Until 1965, AIR was answerable for the programming creation and generally authority over content, as the TV administration accepted by and large creation. Krishi Darshan, Chaupaal, Doordarshan Samachar, and Kalyani were among the original of projects delivered for the channel.
1982 to 1992: Golden Years
On 15 August 1982, Doordarshan presented a public broadcast administration from its own TV studio in Mandi House, New Delhi. On 9 August 1984, as Doordarshan dispatched its second channel for the metro/metropolitan crowd, ‘DD2’, the current first channel was renamed ‘DD1’ and began customary transmission. Around the same time, DD1 began broadcast of supported TV serials, which were delivered by veteran producers. DD1’s Hum Log was the primary supported TV sequential of Indian TV and began circulating with its series debut on 7 July 1984.
After the accomplishment of Hum Log, numerous other TV makers and producers created numerous paramount series broadcasted on DD. Some of them, along with the gained unknown dialect programming of the period, were Yeh Jo Hai Zindagi, Buniyaad, Malgudi Days, Shrikant, Ramayan, Bharat Ek Khoj, Mahabharat, Mirza Ghalib, The Sword of Tipu Sultan, Chanakya, The Great Maratha, Vishwamitra, Luv Kush Uttar Ramayan, Buddha, Surabhi, Tiltliyan, Taaraa, Star Trek, Khaandaan, 13 Panne, Air Hostess, Waah Janaab, Tamas, Vikram Aur Betal, Tenali Rama, Kirdaar, Singhasan Battisi,Guldasta,Mrignayani,Shrikant,Sadgati, Nukkad, Lot Pot, Mungerilal Ke Haseen Sapne, Bhim Bhawani, Kakkaji Kahin, Paying Guest, Ados Pados, Upannyas, Fauji, Karamchand, Byomkesh Bakshi, Samandar, Param Veer Chakra, Wagle Ki Duniya, Buniyaad, Kachchi Dhoop, Chunauti, Mahanagar, Phir wahi Talash, Umeed, Subah, Mr. Yogi, Circus, Ek Bhool, Chote Babu, Yugantar, Kehkashan, Yatra, Rajni, Street Hawk, Udaan, Gaata Jaaye Banjara, Phool Khile Hain Gulsan Gulsan,Pingu,Circus, Taaj Mahel, Khubsuraat, and Dada Dadi Ki Kahaniya. A large number of these creations wound up being high appraising triumphs for DD-1. Of these, Ramayan wound up not simply being DD-1’s most costly Indian TV dramatization of the 80s, yet additionally the most elevated rating show of now is the right time.
DD National filled in as the home for NDTV’s crush Friday news program The World This Week from 1984 to 1995. During those years, DD National likewise circulated NDTV-delivered network inclusion of government and state races and spending thoughts of Parliament.
1992 to 2010: Competition
After the section of private diverts in India, Doordarshan began confronting solid rivalry from Zee TV in 1992. Despite the fact that back then, link and satellite stations were not effectively accessible, DD1 was all the while administering the outline, as it was the solitary station accessible presently. In 1993, Doordarshan redid the two channels for a more grounded contest, as DD National and DD Metro.
With the broadcast of famous TV shows like Chandrakanta, Alif Laila, Tehkikaat, Chitrahaar, Udaan, Byomkesh Bakshi, Farmaan, Katha Sagar, Neem Ka Ped and Chanakya, DD National held watchers, however Doordarshan Board zeroed in additional on its DD Metro Channel, which was intended to rival Zee TV. Meanwhile, DD Metro became one of the well known objections of TV watchers with its shows like Junoon, Superhit Muquabala, and Azanabi. A portion of the famous shows were likewise broadcasted on DD National.
In 1995, when the vast majority of the channels like DD Metro, Zee TV, Home TV, STAR Plus and Sony TV began zeroing in on their early evening spaces, DD National was as yet stacked with its job and duties, as at the time it was the lone wellspring of information on TV. To give greater diversion, DD National opened an evening space for housewives, with the broadcast of Shanti. To help the accomplishment of Shanti, numerous different shows like Swabhimaan, Farz, and Yug were presented and every one of them were lauded.
In 1997, Prasar Bharati, the parent assemblage of Doordarshan, was framed. While private channels like Zee TV, STAR Plus and Sony TV began circulating high spending TV serials from top creation houses, DD National was all the while doing the best in evening openings with Kasam, Itihaas, Agni, Aprajita, Aurat, Ardhangini, Sanjog, Deewar, Aane Wala Pal, Waqt Ki Raftaar and different projects. There were a couple of eminent projects like India’s Most Wanted, Gul Sanobar, Surabhi, Noorjahan, Om namah Shivay, Jai Ganga Maiya, and Suraag in ideal time, however those were adequately not to offer rivalry to private channels.
In the late 1997, DD National began circulating Mukesh Khanna’s Shaktimaan, which was the blockbuster TV sequential in Indian history. In 2000, subsequent to tasting accomplishment with India’s Most Wanted, Jasoos Vijay and Suraag in ideal time, Prasar Bharati chose to redo the two channels, and numerous new serials were presented on DD National, yet not many of them were fruitful due to a restricted ideal schedule openings of 9 to 10:30, contrasted with 8 to 11 for different channels. New channels like Sahara TV and SAB TV were likewise performing better compared to DD diverts in early evening.
In 2002, DD offered now is the ideal time spaces to mainstream movie producers and got some famous shows of the time. Ramanand Sagar’s Aankhen, BR Chopra’s Aap Beeti, Adhikaari Brothers CID Officer, Kiran Bedi’s Galti Kiski, and Time’s Dishayen were broadcast on the channels and valued by watchers. In 2003, when DD Metro Channel was changed over into DD News, Prasar Bharati zeroed in on its DD public channels, and shows like Meher, Miss India, Shikwah, Kayamat, Kaanch, and Phir Bhi Dil Hai Hindustani were presented. Phir Bhi Dil Hai Hindustani accomplished extraordinary appraisals and became DD National’s greatest blockbuster during this period. In 2005, Hawayein featuring Ravi Kishan and Malini Kapoor became perhaps the most famous shows and furthermore won a title of Best TV Serial of the Year at the ITA Awards.
In this period, DD presented numerous famous serials like Air Hostess, Wo Huye Na hamare, Kyunki Jeena Isi Ka Naam Hai, Tum Dena Sath Mera, Hari Mirchi lal Mirchi, Soni Mahiwaal, Wheel Smart Shrimati, Krazzy Kiya Re, Chandramukhi, Jo Kahunga Sach Kahunga, Tahreer Munshi Premchand Ki, and Kashmkash Zindagi Ki.
2010 to 2020
At ideal time, DD was as yet not ready to contend with private channels, and it additionally began losing its pinnacle position in evening openings to re-runs on different channels. In 2012, DD began broadcasting Ekta Kapoor’s Pavitra Bandhan, Sanjay Leela Bhansali’s Saraswatichandra and a couple of different serials. In 2013, it decreased its window for provincial broadcasts to 4 PM-7 PM, and quit circulating news around evening time, which added one and a half hour to its ideal time. To advance the new four-hour long early evening, DD brought TV serials like Gora, Bharat Ki Shaan, Baba Aazmi’s Yeh Kaha Aa Gaye Hum, Dil Jo Kah Na Saka, and Sanjeev Kapoor’s Chef Ki Rasoi. It additionally dispatched a mission for its evening openings, DD Dophar Aapke Ghar, via broadcasting serials like Amrita, Anudamini, Aisa Prem Kahan, and Chupau Kaise Laaga Chunari Me Daag.
In November 2014, Prasar Bharati relaunched DD National as ‘Desh Ka Apna Channel’ with another subject and serials like Happy Homes, Khwabon Ke Darmiyaan, Khamosh Sa Afsaana, Dard Ka Rishta, Shama, Paltan, Stree Shakti, Zindagi Ek Bhanwar, and Janmon Ka Bandhan. At first, these shows improved, yet later, as TRP fell in 2016, Prasar Bharati chose to go for an opening deal strategy and welcomed offers from creators for its 7 PM to 11 PM space. Evening spaces in 2016 broadcasted serials like Krantijyoti Savitribai Phule, U-turn, and Munidhar. Nonetheless, the methodology was insufficient for its restoration.
In late 2016, the space deal strategy of DD was required to be postponed by the public authority. Albeit numerous creation houses like Balaji Telefilms and SaaiBaba Telefilms had won openings for circulating their projects, it couldn’t be started as the approach was accounted for audit. From 2017, Doordarshan has been rehashing programs from its library and doesn’t broadcast any new sequential.
2020 to present
Because of COVID-19, when any remaining TV Channels were quit going for new scenes of their serials, Doordarshan chose to re-broadcast its blockbuster dramatization programming from the 1980s and 1990s. DD National broadcasted rehashes of Ramanand Sagar’s Ramayana, Uttar Ramayana, Shri Krishna, Mukesh Khanna’s Shaktimaan, Shrimaan Shrimati, Shahrukh Khan’s Circus, Byomkesh Bakshi, Chanakya, Dekh Bhai Dekh, The Jungle Book and some more. Simultaneously its sister station DD Bharati broadcasted BR Chopra’s Mahabharata, Sai Baba, Alif Laila, BR Chopra’s Vishnu Puran and a lot more hit series.
This move ended up being a Magic Lamp for the Doordarshan organization, as the rerun communicates for these serials broke all TRP records. First scene of Ramayana acquired most elevated TRP since 2015 for all Hindi TV Channels, everything being equal. DD National right away became #1st in TRP diagram and with its shows Ramayana and Shaktimaan were on #1st and #5th in Ratings. Note that, since 2010’s DD National was out of top 10 in Hindi GEC Ratings.
After Ramayana, Uttar Ramayan and Shri Krishna too delighted in #1 Rank in BARC TRP Charts.
Its sister channel DD Bharati, which was even not in notice since its commencement in 2000, became fifth most-stared at the TV Channel in TRP Charts, with Mahabharata became #2 on TRP Charts.
Following the accomplishment of the reruns, DD National at last recaptured its status as the nation’s number 1 station. Supported by high evaluations of the programming rehashes Doordarshan dispatched DD Retro on 13 April 2020, with its library for the most part made out of large numbers of Doordarshan’s incredible show series.